ISLAMSKA KOSMOLOGIJA / ISLAMIC COSMOLOGY

William C. CHITTICK, Haris Dubravac

Sažetak


UDK 28-172.2 

Sažetak

U islamu su se razvila složena i prefinjena kosmološka učenja kako na osnovu islamskih izvora tako i različitih domaćih svjetonazora predislamskih društava. Ono što islamsku kosmologiju čini izrazito islamskom jeste činjenica da ishodišno kur’ansko gledište objedinjuje i usklađuje preuzete koncepte. Izraz “islamska kosmologija” se može općenito razumjeti u značenju svjetonazora zabilježenog u Kur’anu i Hadisu te prihvaćenog izričito ili neizričito od strane većine muslimanâ. Užê se odnosi na različite teorije univerzuma koje su postepeno razvili muslimanski mislioci. Autor u ovom pregledu navodi neke temeljne premise islamskih kosmoloških teorija pokušavajući opisati islamski kosmos onakav kakav su opažali muslimanski kosmolozi. On to čini govoreći o Bogu i kosmosu, dva lûka postojanja i ljudskim bićima u kosmosu u smislu njihova namjesništva imajući u vidu da je osnovni cilj kosmologije pokazati kako se božanska svojstva očituju u makrokosmosu i mikrokosmosu. 

By William C. Chittick Translated to Bosnian by Haris Dubravac Complex and profound cosmological teachings have emerged in Islam on the bases of the Islamic sources but also on the bases of some indigenous worldviews of pre­Islamic societies. What makes the Islamic cosmology distinctly Islamic is the fact underlying the Qur’anic perspective that integrates and harmonises the borrowed concepts. The expression “Islamic cosmology” can generally be understood as worldview given in the Qur’an and the Hadith and is accepted explicitly or implicitly by majority of Muslims. More narrowly, it refers to the various theories of the universe that were developed by Muslim thinkers over the years. The author here presents some underlining premises of Islamic cosmological theories in attempt to illustrate the Islamic cosmos as viewed by the Muslim cosmologists. He relates about God and the universe, the two Arcs of existence. He talks about human beings within the cosmos as God’s vicegerents on earth keeping in mind that the fundamental aim of cosmology is to demonstrate how the divine attributes are manifested in macrocosm and in microcosm. 

** Norriss S. Hetherington (ur.), Encyclopedia of Cosmology: Historical, Philosophical, and Scientific Foundations of Modern Cosmology, Garland Publishing, New York, 1993., str. 322–9.


Ključne riječi


islamska kosmologija, Kur’an, Hadis, kosmos, dva lûka postojanja, namjesništvo, božanska svojstva, makrokosmos, mikrokosmos / Islamic cosmology, Qur’an, Hadith, cosmos, the two arcs of the existence, vicegerency, divine attributes, macrocosm, microcosm



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26340/muallim.v20i79.1733

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