NEKA FREKVENTNA PITANJA I ODGOVORI U OBLASTI ZEKATA I SADEKATU-L-FITRA / SOME FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS IN THE FIELD OF ZAKAH AND SADAQATU-L-FITR

Autor(i)

  • Enes Ljevaković Rijaset IZ u Bosni i Hercegovini

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26340/muallim.v22i85.1846

Ključne riječi:

zekat, sadekatu-l-fitr, zekatska imovina, nisab, zekatski obveznici, korisnici zekata, Bejtu-l-mal, zakah, sadaqatu-l-fitr, zakah property, those that are eligible for paying the zakah, beneficiaries of the collected zakah assets, Bajtu-l-mal

Sažetak

UDK 28-428

Zekat je stroga imovinska obaveza (farz, islamski šart) utemeljena jasnim imperativnim odredbama  Kur'ana i sunneta. Iako se sastoji od izdvajanja određenog procenta imovine, koja ispunjava uvjete obaveznosti, ova imovinska obaveza ima karakter ibadeta / obreda kojim se izvršilac približava Uzvišenom Stvoritelju ukoliko je izvršava iskreno radi Njegova zadovoljstva.

Drugi važan imovinski ibadet u islamu jeste obaveza sadekatu-l-fitra (u kolokvijalnom govoru poznata kao vitre) koja se izvršava tokom mjeseca posta zaključno s vremenom do pred klanjanje ramazanskog bajram-namaza. Iznos sadekatu-l-fitra određuje se svake godine na osnovu procjene jednodnevne ishrane osobe. Ova obaveza spada u kategoriju vadžiba – islamske praktične dužnosti. Sadekatu-l-fitr se izdvaja po osobi, bila ona punoljetna ili maloljetna, postač ili nepostač.

S obzirom na to da je riječ o važnim islamskim dužnostima i obredima iz kategorije stroge obaveze (zekat) i praktične dužnosti (sadekatu-l-fitr), koje regulišu brojni propisi, čije je detaljno poznavanje širem krugu vjernika teško dostupno, oni (vjernici) o njima postavljaju brojna pitanja tokom cijele godine, a posebno u mjesecu ramazanu, kako bi ih pravilno razumjeli i izvršili. U ovom radu će biti prezentirana neka od tih pitanja i odgovori na njih.

Summary

Zakah is a strict property obligation (fard, a pillar of Islam) it is founded upon very clearly defined imperative commands of Qurćan and the Sunnah. Even though it comprises of giving a certain percentage of one’s wealth for those who are eligible, this obligation still has a character of ibadat/religious ritual which has a purpose to bring a person closer to the Almightz Creator, if he is fulfilling it with honesty for the sole purpose of attaining His pleasure. Other important ibadat which concerns giving away a portion of wealth is sadaqātu-l’fitr which is to be performed during the fasting of the month of Ramadan and before Eid Al Fitr salah time. The amount of this contribution is estimated and finalised each year on the bases of the estimate value of one day’s food for one person. It is paid for each member of a household, regardless of they are fasting or not. Sadaqatu-l-fitr is paid per person for each member of a household including the minors and those who cannot fast. Keeping in mind that this is an issue of a great significance and that it falls into a categories of strict obligations (zakah) and practical duty (sadaqatu-l-fitr) respectively, furthermore this issue is regulated in much details that are not easily available to the general public, thus they often ask many question regarding the same throughout the year and especially during the month of Ramadan as they are eager to understand and fulfil their obligations. This article will present some frequently asked questions and the answers to the same.

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Objavljeno

2021-04-12

How to Cite

Ljevaković, E. (2021). NEKA FREKVENTNA PITANJA I ODGOVORI U OBLASTI ZEKATA I SADEKATU-L-FITRA / SOME FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS IN THE FIELD OF ZAKAH AND SADAQATU-L-FITR. Novi Muallim, 22(85), 33-44. https://doi.org/10.26340/muallim.v22i85.1846